With the companion planting guide, you will know what to do with your gardens. Hence, this practice of growing some different kinds of plants together will give a mutual benefit.
The research of this planting technique focuses only on vegetables. However, you can also take the benefit from planting something else like roses.
Furthermore, this companion planting guide will let you learn all about the practice. Besides, you will know the proper technique and avoid mistakes.
What Is Companion Planting?
Before we go any further, let us find out more information about companion planting. It is a practice or planting method where you grow different plants together to benefits them.
Then, this planting practice is not always based on facts of science.
Otherwise, this companion planting is based on observation, a knowledge you can find on farmer’s books.
After that, you might know what works for your garden.
However, it is important to know that you can make better plant choices by understanding the garden as a system of biodiversity.
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What Are The Benefits Of Companion Planting?
Many gardeners choose to apply the companion planting guide for their garden because they know the benefits.
Therefore, there are a lot of good things that this practice can give to your garden and the environment as well.
Also, the companion planting guide will be helpful for pest control. However, it takes planning to create a wonderful harvest.
Thus, the pests will not find a solid patch to feed them in the conventional monoculture garden layout.
Additionally, some types of plants will deter certain pests. Otherwise, you can plant wormwood among cabbage.
Likewise, it will help deal with the cabbage moths. Further, you can plant a marigold next to the beans to deal with Mexican bean beetles.
This planting practice can keep the soil moist and hold them together. So, it is going to prevent erosion.
Meanwhile, applying companion planting guide can also keep weeds out. That is because of the plants that hold water to block their growth.
The other benefits of companion planting are eliminating the need for trellises and attracting beneficial insects.
Moreover, there are still more good things that this companion planting guide has to offer for your garden.
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Best Companion Planting Combinations
If you are a beginner, the companion planting guide might be very important. Then, here are some of the best combinations to choose from.
Furthermore, it will be easier to begin the practice. The most famous combination would be The Three Sisters.
This combination is about sweetcorn, squash, and beans. Each of them also aids its companions.
Thereupon, you often find these three plants grown together. Just pick some of the things in this list including the three sisters.
1. Tomato and Basil
Actually, the Tomato plant can go well with other vegetables, but Basil is one perfect choice for that. The aroma of this herb can attract beneficial insects and prevent some pest species.
Therefore, Basil greatly covers the tomato plants. The fruit will also taste better.
2. Peas, Lettuce, and Radishes
Peas are nitrogen fixers. Subsequently, it helps Lettuce to have a leafy growth. Meanwhile, radishes should grow beneath these legumes.
Then, the shade will be beneficial to each other.
3. Carrots and Onions
Carrots and onions are perfect options for a polytunnel garden. So, when both of the veggies are grown close to one another, they benefit each other.
4. Squash and Nasturtiums
If you apply the companion planting guide, quash and nasturtiums are great choices. They require the same conditions to grow.
Furthermore, the nasturtium helps the squash to prevent certain insect pests and attract pollinators.
5. Marigolds or Borage with Any Combinations
Marigold is like the friendliest plant on this list. Likewise, it can make a great companion in almost any planting combination.
Moreover, there is a huge range of polytunnel crops to choose from. Marigolds and Borage can be scattered throughout all the growing areas.
6. Brassicas, Beetroot, and Beans
Brassicas and Beetroot like similar conditions to grow. Meanwhile, in order to get a great result for Brassica leaves, Beans will provide the needed nitrogen.
Herbs and Flowers as Companion Planting
Besides companion planting guide for vegetables, you can also do it for herbs and flowers. Thus, if you have limited space to grow many kinds of veggies, take the benefits from herbs.
For instance, you can pick herb plants like Basil, Borage, Chives, Cilantro, Mint, Lavender, Oregano, Sage, Rosemary, and Thyme.
All of them would be beneficial for certain plants. Besides, they could become the repellent for pests and the attraction for beneficial insects.
How about flowers? Certain types can make a great companion for plants. They would give more than just beauty to your garden.
For example, you can pick annuals like sunflowers, zinnias, nasturtiums, and marigolds. Also, the Perennials like lavender are a great choice too.
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Avoiding Companion Planting Mistakes
After practicing this companion planting guide for your garden, it is important to prevent mistakes. Further, it is to ensure that you get the best result.
Firstly, the important thing to make sure of is opting for the proper plant combinations.
Likewise, you cannot choose the plants that compete with each other. So, make sure they do not share similar water needs, space, root systems, and sunlight.
Meanwhile, if the plants are susceptible to the same disease or pests, you have to keep them as far as possible.
It is preventing the spread. Therefore, choose the plants that give benefits to the others. Moreover, you might need to see the companion planting guide chart in this article.
Companion Planting Guide Chart
This chart shows you the crucial part of companion planting, which is about choosing the right combination.
Besides, you can see what plants should be close to each other and things to avoid. It will make a great start for the practice.
For instance, as you can see, an artichoke can go well with Brassicas.
Thereupon, it is clear that you should plant an artichoke next to cabbage, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, or cauliflower. There is nothing to avoid.
Then, check out the Basil. You can plant it next to Asparagus, Peppers, Oregano, or Tomatoes. After that, keep them away from onions, garlic, and potatoes.
They will give you bad results. Meanwhile, for Broccoli, you can see that it should avoid Pole Beans, Dill, and other Brassicas.
For example, to deal with the Cabbage worms, you should rely on Artichoke, Beets, Cucumber, Celery, Onions, Rosemary, Sage, and Oregano.
Vegetables like Spinach, Potatoes, and Radishes can make a great addition as well.
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Companion Planting Tips
There are five tips for successful companion planting. In addition, you might understand about getting the perfect result in your garden.
- Initially, it is important to decide what not to plant nearby. You should recognize what the plants need.
Many of them need different water and light.
- Furthermore, there are several plants to be aware of. For example, do not plant beans and peas near leeks, onions, and garlic.
- The next tip in this companion planting guide is to implement a variety of plants to each plot of land. It is called polyculture.
However, it is better to avoid the monoculture one since it will be much easier for pests to ruin the crop.
Therefore, choose the companion plant that attracts beneficial insects and pollinators. It would make the plant healthier.
- The fourth tip is to use the plants that can be great supports or shade to each other. It helps the plants to grow better and healthier too.
Moreover, it is great for plants that are sensitive to sunlight.
- Lastly, choose the companion planting which can repel pests. You can apply some combinations like Tomatoes and Basil to prevent hornworms and thrips.
Additionally, potatoes and Catmint side by side will keep potato beetles away.
Meanwhile, to prevent cabbage worms, make sure to plant Brassicas next to Chamomile, Sage, Thyme, and Dill.
Those herbs will repel the pests away. Then, plant Marigold next to Brassicas or Onions. It will help the plant to avoid Onion root maggot fly, and cabbage root fly.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Q : What Plants Should Not Be Planted Next To Each Other?
A : Several plants could not go well with each other. So, you have to avoid having them close or together in one bed.
For example, beans cannot go with Onions, Garlic, Sunflowers, Fennel, Gladiol, and Kohlrabi.
Growing apricot should be away from tomatoes and sage. For apples, do not plant them next to grass and potatoes.
Beetroot will not grow well with Tall beans, whereas strawberries will be a bad companion for Brussel Sprouts, Broccoli, and Cauliflower.
Further, there are many other combinations to avoid.
Q : How Close Should Companion Plants Be Planted?
A : The companion plants on one space should be grown within at least two rows of each other. Then, it would be a good space for neutral plants to grow.
To be exact, the measurement would be about 9 inches apart.
Q : What’s The Best To Plant Next To Tomatoes?
A : The best ones to plant next to Tomatoes are Asparagus, Carrots, Parsley, Basil, Chives, Celery, Foxgloves, Marigolds, Sweetcorn, and Garlic.
Otherwise, you cannot plant rosemary, potatoes, dill, strawberries, fennel, kohlrabi, and apricots next to tomatoes.
This helpful companion planting guide would make everything easy. So, if you are a beginner at this practice, you should be ready after reading this entire page.